Why Cooperative Learning?
Kajian telah menunjukkan bahawa pembelajaran cara ini telah berjaya meningkatkan persahabatan dan penghormatan antara satu sama lain. Didapati juga berlangsung dengan itu, self-esteem pelajar dinaikan dan pencapaian akademik turut meningkat.
Cooperative learning is where
Student work together on common tasks or learning activities that are best handled through group work.
Students work together in small groups containing two to four members.
Students use cooperative, pro-social behaviour to accomplish their common tasks or learning activities.
Students are positively interdependent. Activities are structured so that students need each other to accomplish their common tasks or learning activities.
Students are individually accountable or responsible for their work or learning
Elements of Cooperative Groups
P = positive interdependence
* is my gain your gain?* I can't do it without you!* We work with a partner or as a team.* I need your help and you need my help.
I = individual accountability * am i doing my part?* Are you doing your part?* I'm going to have to demonstrate what i know!
E = equal participation* everyone gets a turn!* We take turns being "smart."* We are all an important part of the activity.
S = simultaneous interaction * we are all participating* some are listening; some are speaking* some get to recite; others get to coach* sometimes we all are doing part of an activity at the same time!
Why Cooperative Learning?
Cooperative Learning enhances student learning by:
providing a shared cognitive set of information between students,
motivating students to learn the material, ensuring that students construct their own knowledge, providing formative feedback, developing social and group skills necessary for success outside the classroom, and promoting positive interaction between members of different cultural and socio-economic groups.
it mirrors real-world collaboration
it gives students an opportunity to work in a non-threatening atmosphere where they don't have to carry the burden of all the learning students benefit from working with others by sharing ideas and information research has consistently supports cooperative learning as a strategy that improves student learning
it can be used to build community in the classroom
After 2 weeks, we remember:
10%of what we read reading the text
20% of what we hear listening to a lecture
30% of what we see looking at pictures and diagrams
50% of what we hear and see watching a movie, looking at an exhibit, watching a demonstration, seeing it done on location
70% of what we say participating in a discussion, giving a talk, explaining to someone else
90% of what we say and do doing a dramatic presentation, simulating the real thing, doing the real thing.
Saturday, June 6, 2009
sukosensei CITY CYBER at 6:44 AM