Selamat Datang Ke Kursus LSP4023– Kaedah Pengajaran Sejarah merupakan satu pendekatan penting dalam melahirkan bakal guru sejarah yang kreatif dan berketrampilan .kursus-kursus yang diharapkan akan menjadikan anda:Guru sejarah yang juga seorang sejarahwan dan berfikir sebahagai ahli sejarah dan mengaplikasikan kemahiran sejarah kepada pelajar sejarah.

Wednesday, March 4, 2009


“Barn Owl.” Encarta Online. 1997-99. Microsoft Corporation. 22 Sept. 1999 .

Grondahl, Chris and John Schumacher. The Owls of North Dakota. 16 Jul. 1997. North Dakota Game and Fish Department, Bismarck, ND. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. 22 Sept. 1999 .

Lewis, Deane P. The Owl Pages. 17 Sept. 1999. 22 Sept. 1999 .

The Owl Centre: Helping to Save the World’s Owls. 3 Sept. 1999. The World Owl Trust. 22 Sept. 1999 .

Pinkerton, Brian. "Owl Survey." E-mail to Peggy Whitley. 2 Sept. 1999.

Documenting Sources from the World Wide Web

MLA Style

A Works Cited document is an alphabetical listing of all sources cited in a scholarly research document or presentation. Although other styles exist, this document only lists the MLA (Modern Language Association) citing style since it has been widely adopted by schools, academic departments, and instructors as the preferred method for the documentation of sources.

Web Sites for Citing Online Sources - MLA Style

Modern Language Association (MLA) Guidelines on MLA Documentation Style

Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format by the Purdue University Online Writing Lab

General Rules for Citing Electronic Sources

  • When listing an online source originally printed in a book or journal or other printed format, use the general guidelines you would use to cite the printed form. Then follow it with information that tells where you found the source on the Internet.
  • Indent ½” after the first line of each entry (hanging indent) and double-space.
  • Alphabetize entries by author; if no author is given, begin with title.
  • When citing electronic sources, you should include both the date of original publication (if available) and the date that the material was accessed.
  • Add the electronic address (URL) used to access the document (e.g., .) NOTE: The address should be given inside angle brackets: . Put a period at the end of the bracket.
  • For more help, refer to the new MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 4th ed (rules 4.9.3 and 4.10.7)

CITING WEB PAGES (Sites or pages originally created for publication on the Internet)

Include the following items if available in this order (the most often used elements are in bold):

  1. Name of the author (if given; includes names of people, companies, organizations, agencies).
  2. Title of the poem, short story, article, or similar short work within a scholarly project, database, or periodical (in quotation marks).
  3. Title of the original print book (underlined).
  4. Name of the editor, compiler, or translator of the text (if relevant and not cited earlier), preceded by the appropriate abbreviation, such as Ed.
  5. Publication information for any print version of the source.
  6. Title of the scholarly project, database, periodical, or professional or personal web site (underlined) or a description if no title, such as Home page (not underlined).
  7. Version number of the source or other identifying number (volume, issue, etc.).
  8. Date of creation, publication, or copyright, and date last updated.
  9. Name of subscription service, discussion list, or forum.
  10. The number range or total number of pages, paragraphs, or other sections, if they are numbered.
  11. Name of person, agency, institution, or organization sponsoring or associated with this site.
  12. Date you accessed this web site or page.
  13. Internet address in angle brackets; or, for a subscription service, the URL of the service’s main page (if known) or the keyword assigned by the service.

Basic Web Page Citing:

Last name, First name of Author and any other Authors. “Title of Work.” Name of Site. Date of Posting/Revision. Organization. Date of Access .


  1. Writer
  2. Subject or title of document if given (enclosed in quotation marks.)
  3. A description of the document that includes the recipient's name (e.g. "E-Mail to Peggy Whitley")
  4. Date of the document

Email Citing Example:

Author. "Title of the message (if any)." E-mail to recipient’s name. Date of the message.

"Fresco." Britannica Online. Vers. 97.1.1. Mar. 1997. Encyclopaedia Britannica. 21 Sept. 1999 . (Article from online reference database)

Landsburg, Steven E. “Who Shall Inherit the Earth?” Slate. 1 May 1997. 2 May 1997 .

(Article from online magazine)

Lott, Stephen R. Home page. 12 Sept. 1999. 21 Sept. 1999 . (Personal Home Page)

Nesbit, E[dith]. “Marching Song.” Ballads and Lyrics of Socialism. London, 1908. Victorian Women Writers Project. Ed. Perry Willett. 17 Sept. 1997. Indiana U. 21 Sept. 1999 . (Poem from book online)

Resources for Students of Portuguese. U of Chicago. 21 Sept. 1999>. (Professional site)

Pictures collected from:

"Snowy Owl." Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia. 2000 Edition.

Eriksson, Camilla. “Yael’s skater.” Award of Excellence. 36th Competition. Animated GIF Artists Guild. 15 Nov. 1999 .

Ralph, Randy D. Icon Bazaar. 5 Oct. 1999. 15 Nov. 1999 .

Sounds collected from:

Cartoon Sounds. 15 Nov. 1999 .

Elliot, Hunter. The Daily WAV. 9 Nov. 1999. 15 Nov. 1999 .